Water Lifting Devices in Early Fountains

Early cases of devices utilized to lift water are Ctesibius’ pump, Archimedes’ Screw, and the waterwheel, and there is data of their usage going all the way back to the Hellenistic era. Yet each gadget had its shotcomings, and none were ideal to provide water to the landscape from the local aqueduct, the Acqua Vergine, a range of some 30 meters. An Archimedes’ Screw could merely move the water small distances, while Ctesibius’s pump could simply move slight amounts of water. Waterwheels that were operated physically by humans or animals trapped fish in their buckets, my review here restricting the process. The waterwheels were nonetheless able to move large levels of water, but they commanded too much labor to employ them repeatedly. A second option was the hydraulic waterwheel. Their capacity to power themselves with mobile water from streams or even aqueducts made them rather efficient.

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